Category Archives: Baseball

Baseball Pitching: What Causes a Baseball Pitcher to Throw Hard?

Baseball Pitching: What Causes a Baseball Pitcher to Throw Hard? By Dr. John Mishock, PT, DPT, DC  In baseball, it is often said that the pitcher has a strong arm. However, this phrase is a misnomer. Research clearly shows that the arm musculature (hand, forearm, and arm) contributes only about 20-25% of throwing velocity. (Gretchen […]

Knee ACL Injuries: Can we prevent them in our athletes? Part 1

Knee ACL injuries: Can we prevent them in our athletes? Part 1 By Dr. John Mishock, PT, DPT, DC    Knee injuries account for up to 40% of all sports injuries, commonly occurring in soccer, basketball, lacrosse, skiing, football, and gymnastics (Nessier et al. 2017). Knee injuries are the most common cause of surgery in [...]

Baseball and Softball Arm Injuries: How do I return to throwing?

Baseball and Softball Arm Injuries: How do I return to throwing? By Dr. John Mishock, PT, DPT, DC    The success of the baseball pitcher requires not only high-level ability but also durability and prevention of injury. The baseball throwing motion has been described as one of the most violent and stressful motions in all [...]

Throwing Program Guideline: Return from Injury

Throwing Program Guideline: Return from Injury By Dr. John Mishock, PT, DPT, DC            1. Proper warm-up is essential. Perform the dynamic warm-up prior to throwing. 2. Perform 5 throws and holds prior to each set of throws. 3. After each set of throws, rest 3- 5 min. Perform shoulder stretches [...]

Baseball Arm Throwing Injuries: A possible solution?

Baseball Arm Throwing Injuries: A possible solution? By Dr. John Mishock, PT, DPT, DC    Overuse injuries in the shoulder and elbow are the most common problems in baseball players. Injuries of the shoulder account for 14-21%, whereas the elbow account for 16%-22% of all baseball-related injuries. (Agresta et al. Orthop J Sports Med, 2019, [...]

Throwing Program Guideline: Return from injury

Throwing Program Guideline: Return from injury By Dr. John Mishock, PT, DPT, DC            Dynamic warm-up: Perform the dynamic warm-up prior to throwing. Throw and holds: Hold the baseball and go through the throwing motion without releasing the ball (10 times). Rest-recovery: After each set of throws, rest 60-90 sec. (Perform [...]

Sports Performance: Should I wear an ankle brace to prevent ankle injury?

Sports Performance: Should I wear an ankle brace to prevent ankle injury? By Dr. John Mishock, PT, DPT, DC    Ankle sprains are one of the most common reasons to visit an emergency department. Ankle injuries are the most common injury sustained by basketball players accounting for 54% of all injuries. Seventy-six percent of these [...]

Baseball Related Arm Injuries: A Possible Solution

Dr. John R. Mishock, PT, DPT, DC Approximately 40 million children and adolescents between the ages of 4 and 17 begin participating in organized baseball worldwide. Many young athletes develop elbow and shoulder injuries commonly seen in physical therapy clinics and orthopedic surgeons' offices. Despite pitch count rules and guidelines, youth injuries and surgeries are [...]
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